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What are the CRA Accounts required and Optional when opening up a New Corporaton?



There are 3 Different Tax Accounts:


RC - main tax account

  • Automatically assigned when incoporating a new corporation

  • you do not need to register for an RC account, its automatically opened

  • Correlates to a corporations Income tax

  • Equivilent to the income tax that you pay on annual earnings

  • BN or Business Number, is a federal tax ID assigned to a corporation which is 9 digits long.

  • it will have a trailer such as RC0001- you can have seperate accounts opened under an business number in which they will be in sequence - RC0001 RC0002 and so on.

The Optional Accounts - Pros & Cons


RT- GST or HST account - Excise Tax Account

  • This is optional and is not automatically opened for you


Now the big question is should you register for a GST/HST account before hitting $30,000 in world wide sales?

  • Going against doing so, is the fact you will burden your customers with an extra 5% (GST), (upto 13% HST) extra payment.

  • However as a registrant the ITC (Input Tax Credit system) is available to you that you can reclaim on your valid expenditures (the tax that you paid on expenses)-

  • A big determinant would be are you taking on commercial rent? If so your $6000 monthly rent in provinces that have HST is going to incur upto $780 monthly expinditure and other amounts as well. Do we want to have this amount back and deduct from HST paid from clients?

  • If you have a service business probably not a good idea to incur the extra cost for your customers as you probably are not paying much in ITC's.


RP - Payroll Account - do not open unless you have employees or you are going to be an employee

  • Only two ways to extract funds from a corporation for a shareholder (beyond return of captal) is through salary or dividends

  • If you have a new company and will not be hiring employees for say 6 months or more then you will most likely want to hold off on the optional account Payroll until you are going to need it, as it is a burden for new clients.

  • Do you want to file a nil remittance each month on the 15th for payroll? (Depending on your directors payroll consideration)


  • Once the optional accounts are opened, you have an obligation to file, so more paperwork.

  • Payroll monthly , and GST either monthly, quarterly, or annually. Even if it is a nil (zero) return.

Did You Know:


Corporations only have 3 rates of tax as compared to a individual persons marginal rate.

  1. 12.2% if subject to the SBD (depending on province) (<$500,000 of active business income)

  2. 26.5% for General Rate Active Income above the amount for the SBD (>$500,000 active business income)

  3. Up to - 50.2% for investement (passive) income -"rent, royalties, interest, dividends (non connected companies)

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